The number of diabetes in China is the first in the world, and female education is the key to prevention and treatment.
1 in 11 adults worldwide have diabetes;
1 out of every 2 people with diabetes is undiagnosed;
One out of every six babies born is affected by high blood sugar in the womb;
More than 100 million children and adolescents worldwide have type 1 diabetes;
Two-thirds of people with diabetes are "city dwellers";
Two-thirds of people with diabetes develop the disease at working age;
These amazing data, from the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) recently released the 8th edition of the diabetes map.
The new map points out that there are currently 0.425 billion people with diabetes in the world, an increase of 10 million over 2015; in addition, there are more than 0.35 billion people at high risk of diabetes. By 2045, there will be nearly 0.7 billion people with diabetes.
The global epidemic situation also varies, but all are severe:
Up to 0.158 billion people have diabetes in the Western Pacific, including China;
The number of diabetic patients in Southeast Asia is only in the Western Pacific region, with 82 million diabetic patients;
The highest prevalence of diabetes in North America and the Caribbean is 11%;
Children and adolescents in Europe have the most type 1 diabetes;
In Africa, two-thirds of people with diabetes are undiagnosed;
By 2045, the number of people with diabetes in the Middle East and North Africa will increase by 72%;
By 2045, the number of people with diabetes in South America and Central America will increase by 62%.
Of all the countries, the highest number of people with diabetes is 0.114 billion in China, followed by India. China has also "smashed" a lot of money for this, but in comparison, the United States, Germany and Russia have the most abundant per capita expenditure (Figure 1).
Figure 1 The top ten countries with the highest number of people with diabetes in the world aged 20-79 in 2017 and the corresponding medical expenditure ranking.
In addition, it is worth noting that the number of patients with type 1 diabetes in China is also quite large, ranking fourth in the world (Figure 2).
Figure 2: Top 10 countries with the highest number of people <20 years of age with type 1 diabetes
The cold data again suggest the importance of diabetes screening and early diagnosis. "If we do not take timely action to prevent type 2 diabetes and improve the management of diabetes, it will damage future generations." IDF Chairman-in-Chief Nam Cho said.
In addition, the new map also pointed out that the impact of diabetes on women, maternal and child health can not be ignored, while there are many obstacles in women's prevention and treatment. "Promoting healthy lifestyles among women and girls is key to the future decline in diabetes." IDF Chairman Shaukat pointed out Sadikot.
Katie Dain, Executive Director of the Alliance for Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD), noted, "The new IDF Diabetes Map shows no optimism. Over the next 30 years, as the number of people with diabetes spirals, global health spending will also rise sharply, to more than $776 billion. This global chronic disease storm will not only harm public health, but will also dampen productivity and economic development."
Prevention of diabetes is urgent.