Stroke, very dangerous, these symptoms, send to the hospital quickly


Release time:

2022-11-04

Stroke, commonly known as "stroke", is a kind of emergency caused by cerebral infarction or intracranial hemorrhage caused by cerebral vascular blockage or rupture, with high morbidity, mortality and disability.

Stroke, commonly known as "stroke", is a kind of emergency caused by cerebral infarction or intracranial hemorrhage caused by cerebral vascular blockage or rupture, with high morbidity, mortality and disability.

Quickly identify stroke and remember the two "tips"

There are two formulas that can quickly identify stroke. First, "BE FAST" formula: B(Balance) refers to loss of balance or weakness of lower limbs; E(Eyes) refers to visual changes; F(Face) refers to the angle of mouth skew; A(Arm) refers to the inconsistency of bilateral strength when the arm is raised. S(Speech) refers to vague speech and difficulty in language understanding or expression. T(Time) refers to time. If one or more of these manifestations occur, an acute stroke is suspected and immediate distress is required.

Second, the formula of "120": "1" to see whether the face is symmetrical or the mouth angle is askew, to check whether "2" arms are raised flat with unilateral weakness, and to hear whether the patient speaks clearly or fluently ("0"). If the patient is found to have these symptoms suddenly, stroke should be suspected, and the family should call the 120 emergency number as soon as possible.

Stroke is an emergency. Waiting may increase the number of brain cell deaths and delay the best time for treatment. You should call 120 immediately and arrive at the nearby stroke center for professional treatment as soon as possible. When a stroke is suspected, never give the patient medicine, let alone aspirin and other "blood activating drugs", because bleeding and ischemic stroke can have similar manifestations, but the treatment plan is completely different, "blood activating drugs" may aggravate hemorrhagic stroke The condition of the patient.

What are the treatments for acute ischemic stroke?

Acute patients are best treated within 6 hours of onset. Intravenous thrombolysis and endovascular therapy are the most effective treatments for acute ischemic stroke, experts say.

According to Peking Union Medical College Hospital, statistics show that the use of intravenous thrombolysis, patients are 30% more likely to get a good outcome. However, not all patients with ischemic stroke are suitable for intravenous thrombolysis or endovascular treatment. The onset time is too long, there is bleeding disease or tendency, etc., the above treatment may bring greater risk to the patient, the doctor will give advice based on the actual situation of the patient.

How to prevent stroke? Stay away from "three high"

Active control of related risk factors and appropriate changes in unhealthy lifestyles and habits can reduce the risk of cerebrovascular disease. Among them, away from the "three high" is the key.

Experts suggest that men over 40 years old and postmenopausal women should check their blood pressure, blood lipids, and blood sugar every year to detect the "three highs" as soon as possible ". Patients with early or mild "three highs" can first change their lifestyle, such as quitting smoking, limiting alcohol, controlling diet, increasing activities, and reducing weight. If the effect is not good, long-term drug treatment should be added.

In addition, the damage of stroke is irreversible, and the necrotic brain tissue after ischemia or hemorrhage cannot be regenerated. However, the nervous system has plasticity. Early, continuous and targeted rehabilitation training can help stroke patients recover neurological function and reduce the risk of disability as much as possible.